List of ingredients, from Digby
Note: some of these are from the cooking section
Note from SWT: Steve Mercer had preserved the original line lengths
in his transcription. I did not in this HTML translation.
A LIST OF THE HERBS, FLOWERS, FRUITS, ETC., REFERRED
TO IN The Closet Opened:-
- Agrimony; alexander;
avens, leaves & flowers;
balm; bay-leaves; beetleaves;
bettony, wild; bettony, Paul's;
borage, leaves & flowers;
bramble, red, tops of;
bugloss, leaves & flowers;
carrot, wild; celandine;
cersevril; chicory; chives;
cowslip & french cowslip flowers;
dragons; elder flowers; endive;
hart's tongue, leaves; hops,
hypericum, tops & flowers;
hyssop; ladies' mantle; lettuce,
leaves & stalks; lily of the valley; liquorice;
maidenhair; marigold, flowers
& leaves; marjoram, sweet; marjoram, wild;
marshmallow, leaves, flowers,
& stalks; may-weed, brown;
mellilot,flowers; mint; spearmint;
oak of Jerusalem;
origanum [wild marjoram];
parietary; peas (chick);
rocket; rosemary, tops, flowers, &
rue; sage, (red & wild),
leaves & flowers;
self-heal; shallots; sibboulets;
spike [spignel?]; spleenwort; spinach;
St. John's wort;
tops, buds; sweet oak; sweetwort;
thyme (broad, lemon, mother, & wild); violet, leaves & flowers;
wall rue; watercress; wheat (green);
white-wort; winter savoury;
wormwood (sea & Roman);
(From this list I have omitted the commoner vegetables.)
- Seeds.- Anise; cardamom, carraway; citron; coriander;
melon; musk grains; mustard;
saffron; tulip, seedy buds of;
- Fruits.- Apples (codlings, ginet moils, pearmains,
pippins, golden pippins, red streaks); apricots; barberries;
bilberries; cherries (black, Kentish, Morello); currants (dried,
black, red); damsons; dates; jujubes; juniper berries; lemons; pears
(bon chrétien & wardens); plums; prunes; raisins; rasps;
sweetbriar berries; strawberries.
- Barks, woods.- Ashtree bark; lignum cassiæ.
- Nuts.- Almonds; chestnuts; pine kernels; pistachios; walnuts (green).
- Juices.- Balm; celandine; cherry; hop; lemon;
onion; orange; spearmint; spinach; tansy.
- - Distilled waters of
orange-flower; plantain; rose (red & damask).
- Spices of all sorts; cloves; cinnamon (also oil of, &
spirit of); ginger; mace; mustard, nutmeg; pepper;
- Wines.- Canary sack; claret; Deal; elder; Malaga (old);
Muscat; Muscadine (Greek); red; Rhenish; sack; sherry sack; Spanish;
- Othor liquors.- Ale & beer; afterworts; lees of
beer & wine; aqua vitæ; orangeado.
- Vinegars of elder wine, & of white wine.
- Verjuice of cider, & green sour grapes.
- Other notable seasonings and ingredients:
ivory; leaf gold; powder of white
amber; powder of pearl; Spanish pastilles
(ambergris, sugar, & musk).
Recipes from The Closet of the Eminently Learned Sir
Kenelme Digbie Kt Opened: Whereby is Discovered Several ways for making of
Metheglin, Sider, Cherry-Wine, &c. together with Excellent Directions for
Cookery: As also for Preserving, Conserving, Candying, &c. First
edition, London, 1669.
This list from the 1910 reprint.
Transcribed by Steve Mercer