Metheglin for Taste and Colour

Must be boiled as the other, if you intend to keep it above half a year ; but less according to the time, wherein you mean to use it. You must put in no Herbs, to avoid bitterness and discolouring ; and the proportion of water and honey more or less, as you would drink it sooner or later ; (as a Gal- lon of honey to 4, 5, or 6 of water.) If to be weak, and to be soon drunk, you must when it is tunned, put in Tost of bread (hard tosted) upon which half a score drops of spirit of yest or barm is dropped ; for want of it, spread it with purest barm beaten with a few drops of Oyl of Cinnamon. If you intend to give it the taste of Raspes, then add more barm, to make it work well, and during that time of working, put in your Raspes (or their Syrup) but the fruit gives a delicate Colour, and Syrup a duller Tincture. Drink not that made after the first manner, till six moneths, and it will endure drawing better then wine ; but Bottleled, it is more spirited than any drink.

The Spirit of Barm is made by putting store of water to the barm ; then distill the Spirit, as you do other Spirits ; At last an Oyl will come, which is not for this use.

Sir Thomas Gower maketh his ordinary drink thus : Make very small well Brewed Ale. To eight Gallons of this put one Gallon of honey ; when it is well dissolved and clarified, tun up the Liquor, making it work in due manner with barm. When it hath done working, stop it up close, and in three months it will be fit to drink.

He make his Metheglin thus. Make a good De- coct of Eglantine-leaves, Cowslip flowers, a little Sweet-marjoram, and some Rosemary and Bay-leaves, Betony, and Scabious, and a little Thyme. After the sediment hath settled, put 1/3 or 1/4 or 1/5 or 1/6 part of honey, (according as you would have it strong, and soon ready) to the clear severed from the settlement, and stir it exceedingly well with stripped arms 4 or 5 hours, till it be perfectly incorporated. Then boil and scum it ; let it then cool and tun it up, &c. After it hath cooled, lade the clean from the settlement, so that it may not trouble it, and run up the clear thus severed from the settlings. Much of the perfection consisteth in stirring it long with stripped arms before you boil it. Then to boil it very leisurely till all the scum be off. And order your fire so, that the scum may rise and drive all to one side. This will be exceedingly pale clear and pleasant Metheglin. He useth to every Gallon of water, a good handful of Eglantine-leaves, and as much Cowslip flowers ; but onely a Pugil of Thyme or Marjoram.

Transcribed by Steve Mercer <>